Law 8 of Soccer
Law 8 covers a variety of situations that can occur in soccer, including the kick-off, goal kick and corner kick. The law is being revised to help simplify the rules and to avoid confusion.
A key change is that the team winning the coin toss can ask to take the kick-off. This will allow for a more dynamic and aggressive start to the game.
The Start and Restart of Play
The game of soccer has seventeen official Laws that regulate the field, its dimensions and markings as well as the players and teams. The Laws also govern the start and restart of play. There are a number of different ways to restart a match when the referee has had to stop play, including kick-offs, free kicks (direct or indirect), penalty kicks, throw ins and goal kicks.
The winner of a kick-off is allowed to choose which team they wish to attack or which goal they would like to defend. The ball must travel at least 10 yards forward from the spot where it was kicked-off.
A dropped ball is a residual restart when the referee has stopped the game and the laws do not require any of the other types of restarts mentioned above. A player from each team usually participates in a dropped ball restart. The ball must be dropped without touching any player, but can touch a player after it makes contact with the ground.
Before the start of every match, a coin toss occurs and the winner chooses whether they want to take the kick-off or which end of the field they will attack during the first half. The loser takes the kick-off to begin the second half.
The ball used in soccer must be spherical in shape and made of leather or a comparable medium with a circumference between 27 to 28 inches. It must also be stationary when kicked off, and any opposing players must remain at least 10 yards away from the ball (a distance determined by the centre circle) until the referee gives the signal to kick it off.
Law 8 also describes the requirements of the playing field, including that it must be rectangular in shape and distinctly marked by two long touch lines and two short goal lines, as well as by the center point surrounded by a 10-yard diameter centre circle. In addition, it specifies that the player taking the kick-off must be at his team’s own half of the field.
The Dropped Ball
When a ball hits a match official, such as a referee or linesman, the game has to be restarted with a dropped ball. This is to prevent teams from gaining an unfair advantage in situations where the ball strikes a match official and caroms off them into the goal.
A dropped ball is performed by the referee holding the ball waist-high in the palm of their hand, and then pulling it down and away from the player, allowing gravity to take over. Players must stand at least 4 meters away from the dropped ball and wait for it to touch the ground before they can kick it.
This is the only restart procedure in soccer that allows the first player to touch the ball again without penalty. The rules do not allow other restarts, such as a throw-in, to be used in this circumstance because that is specifically addressed in other laws of the game.
The Field of Play
FIFA, the world governing body for soccer, has seventeen official laws of the game. Law 8 concerns the field and its dimensions, markings, and goals. The soccer field must be rectangular in shape, with two longer boundary lines called touch lines and two shorter goal lines. In addition, the center mark is defined as a circle with a radius of 10 yards around which opposing players may not enter during the kick-off.
The Toss is used to determine which team will start the game and to decide which ends of the field they will attack and defend. The Dropped Ball procedure is also addressed in this law. In addition, the law supplemented that when play is stopped and the ball is in the opponent’s half of the field, the general free kick provisions from Law 13 apply.